Journal of Research (Urdu), BZU - Multan

(جرنل آف ریسرچ (اردو

Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan (Pakistan)
ISSN (print): 1726-9067
ISSN (online): 1816-3424

اُردو غزلیات میں فارسی اَدبیات سے ماخوذ تلمیحات سے اِستفادے کا رُجحان :مختصر جائزہ

  • Muhammad Mohsin Khalid/
  • December 31, 2023
A Short Review on the Trend of Using Allusions Derived from Persian Literature in Urdu Ghazaliat

The process of making this collective situation of human life memorable by giving it creative colours in the arts is still going on. The peculiarity of poets is that they give the most modern meaning to the ancient ideas of centuries-old man and fill them with beauty and attractiveness in such a way that even though they are all lies, there is no choice but to accept the absolute truth. Talmih is a form of ilm e badih that has the ability to modernize centuries-old events, situations, and conditions and give them a unique sense of meaning. Through allusions, there is the ability to connect stories from the trivial to the trivial and from the important to the indispensable to the present, which classical poets have taken full advantage of. From Vali Decani to Ghalib, the trend of using Persian literature in classical ghazals seems to be equal. An allusion is a combination of one or more words that describes an incident, sign, accident, symbol, story, parable, anecdote, or anecdote related to a particular situation. With the help of this word, a lengthy discussion is shortened into a summary, as if it were wrapped up like a pitcher in a river. In this paper, the references from Persian literature in Urdu ghazals have been reviewed very briefly, which reveals how the Urdu poets have adapted Persian references to Urdu ghazals.


1. Yousf Hussain Khan, Dr. Urdu Ghazal, Al Qamar Inerprizer, Al Qamar Lahore, 2008, p. 38

2. Abid Ali Abid, Syed, Telmihat e Iqbal, Majlas e Tarqi e Adab Lahore, 1979, p. 26

3. Wafa yazdan manesh, Dr. Urdu ghazliat ma farsi telmhiat o tarakeeb, Ghair matbo maqala ph.d, Jamia Punjab, Lahore, 2010, p. 56

4. Muhammad Jafer Iahaqi, Dr. Farhang e Asateer with Isharat e Dastani, Dr. Adabiate Farsi, Tehran, Saroshm 1369, p. 117

5. Dr. Sjida Qureshi, "Telmihat e Insha ma shakhiate," Islamic Winds Bearu, New Delhi, 2017; p. 89

6. Subhan Seead Farhang e Telmihat, , New India Offisite Press, New Delhi, 2011, p. 144.

7. Abdul Rasheed, Prof., Farhang e Kalam e Mir, Dehli Kitab Ghar, 2008, p.

8. Mujeeb u. Rehman, Prof., Farsi or Urdu, Adab ma telmhiat or isharat, Nizami Press Lackno, 1990, p.

9.Wafa yazdan manesh, Dr. Urdu ghazliat ma farsi telmhiat o tarakeeb, p. 56

10.Mezhar Ahmad, Najma Rehmani, and Dr. Ghalib K. Kalam, Ma Telmihat Ka Istemal, Ghalib M.R. Publication, Kalam 2017, p. 73.

11. Mehmood Niazi, Khazana Telmhiat, Malik Book Depot, Lahore, San Naderd, P68

12. Serosh seema, Farhnag e telmihat, Intashart e hameed, Teheran, 1375, p. 124

13.Wafa yazdan manesh, Dr. Urdu ghazliat ma farsi telmhiat o tarakeeb, p347

14. Mehmood Zanjani, Dr. Farhang e Jame Shanama, Chap, Dom, Tehera, and Intsharat Itaai, 1315, p315

14.Mujeeb u. Rehman, prof., Farsi or Urdu; Adab ma telmhiat or isharat, p. 165

15.Muhammd Jafer Iahaqi, Dr. Farhang e Asateer, with Isharat e Dastani, Dr. Adabiate Farsi, p. 241.

17. Yousf Saleem Chishti, Sharh e telmihat w sharh e mushklate Akbar, Offiest Press, Lackno, 1993, p. 307

18. Shaheena Tabssum, Dr. Farhang e Kalam e Mir, Aziz Press Printing, New Delhi, 1993, p. 174

19. Asima Farhat, "Iqbal k urdu kalam ma temihat," gair matboa mqala m.phil., Jamia Punjab, 2008, p. 197

20. Muhammad Moiz Saddique, Dr. Farhang e Istlahat e Quran, Muqtadra Qumi Zuban, Islamabad, 2003, p. 211



Department of Urdu, Govt. Shah Hussain Associate College, Lahore




Type: Article
Volume: 39
Issue: 2
Language: Urdu
Id: 658ddd29185a2
Pages 1 - 37
Discipline: Urdu
Published December 31, 2023


  • 1354
  • 137
  • 163


Journal of Research (Urdu) uses Creative Commons license Authors, retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.