Journal of Research (Urdu) follows the Turabian style of source citation(s).
Source citations in the Turabian manual come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography (or simply notes) and (2) author-date. These two systems are also sometimes referred to as Chicago-style citations, because they are the same as the ones presented in The Chicago Manual of Style. This is why Turabian Style of Citation is also sometimes reffered as The Chicago Style.
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