Journal of Research (Urdu), BZU - Multan

(جرنل آف ریسرچ (اردو

Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan (Pakistan)
ISSN (print): 1726-9067
ISSN (online): 1816-3424

بیگم اختر ریاض الدین کے سفرناموں میں ماحولیاتی تانیثی شعور کا تنقیدی جائزہ

  • Nazish Safdar/
  • Dr. Farhat Jabeen Virk/
  • June 30, 2021
A Critical Analysis Of Ecological Feminism in Begum Akhtar Riaz-ud-Din's Travelogues
Begum Akhtar Riazuddin، Feminism, Travelogue, Environmental, Ecological

The 20th century was the century of women rights through feminism movement to raise the voice against patriarchy and for the equal rights of men and women. On the other hand, a movement also against environmental degradation knew as environmental movement. These two movements lead to the creation of eco feminism movement. Begum Akhtar Riazuddin enlightens eco feminism awareness in both of her travel literatures. During travel she discovers those elements that degrade the environment and also observes the environmental economics and finance. Begum Akhtar Riazuddin provides feminism consciousness and raises the voice for the women rights. Begum Akhtar Riazuddin observes those elements that are destroying the nature. According to her whatever the technology and development it always contributes in destruction of nature. This study is that of Begum Akhtar Riazuddin's travel literatures that reflect the environmental motherhood. This term is new in Urdu literature but woman gets this sense from heritage and Begum Akhtar Riazuddin uses this sense in her travelogue.


Anwar Sadeed, Urdu Adab Ki Tehreekein, (New Delhi: Kitabi Dunia, 2004)

Oxford Advance Learning’s Dictionary

Webster’s New World Encyclopedia

King, Ynestra, The Ecofeminist Perspective, in: Caledecott, L & S. Leland (eds), Reclaiming the Earth: Women speak out for Life on Earth. (London: The Women’s Press, 1983)

Merchant, Carolyn. Radical Ecology: The Search for a Liveable World, (New York: Routledge 1992(

Griffin, Susan. Women and Nature: The Roaring Inside Her, (New York: Harper and Row, 1978)

Reuther Radford R. New Woman / New Earth, (New York, Seabury Press, 1975)

Shiva, Vandana. Staying Alive: Women, Ecology and Development. (London: Zed Books, 1988)

Nistaran Ahsan Fateehi, Eco Feminism Aur Asri Taneesi Afsana, (Lahore: Aks Publications, 2019)

Begum Akhtar Riazuddin, Saat Samundar Paar, (Lahore: Pakistan Writers Cooperative Society, 2015)

Begum Akhtar Riazuddin, Dhanak Per Qadam, (Lahore: Coopra Book Shop & Art Gallery, 2002)



Nazish Safdar

Research Scholar

Department of Urdu, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi


Department of Urdu, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi


  • 0092 321 5674487


Type: Article
Volume: 37
Issue: 1
Language: Urdu
Id: 60ead7b6d41c7
Pages 105 - 126
Discipline: Urdu
Published June 30, 2021


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